January seems to be Arnica month! I uncovered some studies on Arnica montana's role on wound healing. in vitro studies allow us to learn about some possible mechanisms of action for our remedies.
1. "Arnica montana Stimulates Extracellular Matrix Gene Expression in a Macrophage Cell Line Differentiated to Wound-Healing Phenotype" In Public Library of Science, 2016.
2.. "Arnica montana effects on gene expression in a human macrophage cell line. Evaluation by quantitative Real-Time PCR". In Homeopathy Journal, 2016. "This exploratory study provides new insights into the cellular and molecular mechanisms of action of A. montana as a promoter of healing, since some of the genes it modifies are key regulators of tissue remodeling, inflammation and chemotaxis."
3. "Arnica montana experimental studies: confounders and biases?" Journal of Integrative Medicine 2018. Response to criticisms of in vitro studies.
4. "Homeopathic potencies of Arnica montana L. change gene expression in a Tamm-Horsfall protein-1 cell line in vitro model: the role of ethanol as a possible confounder and statistical bias. [J Integr Med. 2017]
Our friend Arnica Montana is making another appearance. There is no other remedy that is quite as useful after surgery as Arnica. From plastic surgery, grafts, organ removals, almost any kind of procedure that has created a wound will benefit from Arnica. Please note however, that you should only take Arnica after a procedure, not before, and of course, always check with your doctor!
Arnica is very versatile because of its key symptom: feeling as if beaten. That is why it is good for the symptoms of muscle soreness (which often feels like you have been beaten), and bruises (which often occur after you have had some kind of physical trauma, like being beaten).
Arnica is unique in how well it has been studied, especially in the plastic surgery area! Here are a few studies on its effectiveness:
Chaiet & Marcus Ann Plast Surg. 2016. Arnica reduces the size and intensity of bruises after rhinoplasty (i.e. nose-jobs). If you are statistics geek, P=0.097 on day 7 for the size, and P=0.074 on day 9/10 for the intensity.
Sorrentino et al. J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2017 Jan 3;6(1):1-8. doi: 10.5455/jice.20161229055245: In women receiving a mastecomy, Arnica reduced blood loss, helped maintain weight post-surgically and reduced drainage. P=0.11, 0.03, 0.0223 respectively.
Lee, Yoon & Hwang. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2017 Jul;274(7):2685-2694. doi: 10.1007/s00405-017-4535-6.: Meta Analysis of studies "where the outcomes of interest were edema, ecchymosis, and satisfaction rate of patients on postoperative days". "Edema and ecchymosis during the first 7 days postoperatively were statistically decreased in the arnicaadministration groups versus the control group".
Arnica Montana is probably the first remedy anyone interested in homeopathy should know about. Arnica is useful for the symptoms of bruising and other blunt force traumas, muscle soreness after working out, and shock after any kind of accident (car accident, bike accident, etc). It's one of the few homeopathic remedies that have become "mainstream"; arnica gel is now commonly used by olymplic athletes.
Arnica will often be beneficial if the person has some of the following symptoms:
-Aching pains, as if beaten.
-Pains worse from any motion
-Any symptom worse from becoming cold
-Nosebleeds and pain as if the nose were crushed.
-Hot face and cold body
(All information summarized from Boenninghausen's Characteristics)
So if you have been hitting the gym harder than normal, try taking some Arnica and see if it helps.